Japan as the Place of Arbitration

Arbitral awards made in and out of Japan have the same effect as final and conclusive judgments and the enforceability of such arbitral awards is guaranteed under the Arbitration Law.
On the other hand, the enforcement in Japan of awards rendered in foreign treaty countries are also guaranteed by the multilateral treaties: "the Geneva Convention on the Execution of Foreign Arbitral Awards", known as "the Geneva Convention of 1927" and "the New York Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards", commonly known as "the New York Convention of 1958", both of which Japan is a signatory to. Conversely, the enforcement of arbitral awards made in Japan is guaranteed in foreign treaty countries.
Japan also has bilateral treaties with 14 countries and these treaties guarantee the enforcement in other treaty countries of arbitral awards rendered in Japan. They also guarantee the enforcement in Japan of arbitral awards made in other treaty countries.
To date, there has been no case where Japanese court of law did not approve of and enforce foreign arbitral awards.


Foreign Lawyer's Representation in Arbitral Proceedings in Japan

On June 4, 1996 a bill on the Partial Amendment of the Special Measures Law concerning the Handling of Legal Practice by Foreign Lawyer was passed in the House of Representatives and was promulgated as Law No. 65 of 1996 on June 12, 1996 and this amendment law came into force on September 1, 1996.
By this amendment, a foreign lawyer practicing outside of Japan may represent a party to the proceedings of an arbitration case in regard to civil affairs where the place of arbitration is located in Japan and all or part of the parties have domicile (jusho) or principal place of business in a foreign country. A foreign law solicitors registered in Japan (Gaikokuho-jimu-bengoshi) may also represent a party in the above-mentioned case. The long pending issue of whether foreign lawyers may represent a party in international arbitral proceedings conducted in Japan in relation to conflicts with the Japan's lawyer's law is considered to have been eventually settled.